Browsed by
Month: August 2017

NIMH » Bipolar Disorder

NIMH » Bipolar Disorder

Overview Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. There are four basic types of bipolar disorder; all of them involve clear changes in mood, energy, and activity levels. These moods range from periods of extremely “up,” elated, and energized behavior (known as manic episodes) to very sad, “down,” or hopeless periods (known as depressive episodes). Less severe manic periods…

Read More Read More

Personality Traits and Bulimia Nervosa

Personality Traits and Bulimia Nervosa

John C. Ham, Daniela Iorio, and Michelle Sovinsky* December 23, 2015   Abstract Bulimia Nervosa is a detrimental eating disorder that impacts millions of women. We examine the role played by socioeconomic factors and personality traits in bulimic behavior. Using data on eating disordered behavior from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Growth and Health Study, we present results showing that personality traits are significant determinants of bulimic behavior, even after controlling for race and class. This finding suggests…

Read More Read More

Two to tango: A dyadic analysis of links between borderline personality traits and intimate partner violence

Two to tango: A dyadic analysis of links between borderline personality traits and intimate partner violence

Custom Citation Maneta, E., Cohen, S., Schulz, M. S., & Waldinger, R. J. (2013). Two to tango: A dyadic analysis of links between borderline personality traits and intimate partner violence. Journal of Personality Disorders 27, 233-43. This paper is posted at Scholarship, Research, and Creative Work at Bryn Mawr College. http://repository.brynmawr.edu/psych_pubs/31 For more information, please contact repository@brynmawr.edu. Maneta, E., Cohen, S., Schulz, M. S., & Waldinger, R. J. (2013). Two to tango: A dyadic analysis of links between borderline personality…

Read More Read More

Narcissistic Personality Disorder: Diagnostic and Clinical Challenges | American Journal of Psychiatry

Narcissistic Personality Disorder: Diagnostic and Clinical Challenges | American Journal of Psychiatry

Eve Caligor, M.D., Kenneth N. Levy, Ph.D., Frank E. Yeomans, M.D., Ph.D. View Author and Article Information Received: June 07, 2014 Accepted: September 22, 2014 Published online: April 30, 2015  |  https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2014.14060723 Four Different Faces of Narcissistic Personality Disorder“Mr. A” is a 42-year-old married man presenting to a private-practice psychotherapist complaining of problems with his wife. He is a successful entrepreneur, highly competitive, who describes enjoying social gatherings, where he tends to be the center of attention, as well as…

Read More Read More

What Predicts Self-Harm in People With Borderline Personality Disorder?

What Predicts Self-Harm in People With Borderline Personality Disorder?

The majority of people affected by borderline personality disorder (BPD) engage in a form of self-harm known as non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Underlying reasons for this behavior can vary widely from person to person. In a study published in the journal Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotional Dysregulation, researchers examined the factors that help predict non-suicidal self-injury in young adults affected by BPD. The researchers concluded that some classic borderline personality disorder symptoms are linked to increased risks for NSSI, while the…

Read More Read More

Self-Mutilation, Eating Disorders, and Suicide | Psychology Today

Self-Mutilation, Eating Disorders, and Suicide | Psychology Today

Self-Mutilation, Eating Disorders, and Suicide Religious and addictive factors in bodily self-harm sorrows cannot be spoken. When food that had tasted good suddenly feels like poison and has to be purged from the body, we should wonder what traumatic experiences exist that cannot be contained, metabolized, and integrated. . . The body speaks of that which cannot be said in words, of secrets, lies, and trust that has been broken (Farber 2003, p.188).” When I was obtaining training in the…

Read More Read More

Psychopathology of depression and mania: symptoms, phenomena and syndromes

Psychopathology of depression and mania: symptoms, phenomena and syndromes

  Fuchs Karl Jaspers Professor of Philosophy and Psychiatry, Head of the Section Phenomenological Psychopathology, Psychiatric Department, University of Heidelberg   Summary The paper gives a phenomenological account of depression and mania in terms of body, space, temporality and intersubjectiv- ity. While the lived body is normally embedded into the world and mediates our relations to others, depression interrupts this embodied contact to the world. Local or general oppression condenses the fluid lived body to a solid, heavy “corporeal body”….

Read More Read More

Assessing Suicidal Youth With Antisocial, Borderline, or Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Assessing Suicidal Youth With Antisocial, Borderline, or Narcissistic Personality Disorder

  In Review Paul S Links, MD1, Brent Gould, MD2, Ruwan Ratnayake3     Objective: This paper has 3 objectives. First, we review the epidemiologic evidence for the association between suicidal behaviour and suicide in individuals diagnosed with anti- social, borderline, or narcissistic personality disorder. Second, we examine whether any potentially modifiable risk factors are associated with these diagnoses, based on existing empirical evidence. Last, we discuss clinical approaches to assessing youth with antisocial, borderline, or narcissistic personality disorder presenting…

Read More Read More

NIMH » Eating Disorders: About More Than Food

NIMH » Eating Disorders: About More Than Food

What are eating disorders? The eating disorders anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder, and their variants, all feature serious disturbances in eating behavior and weight regulation. They are associated with a wide range of adverse psychological, physical, and social consequences. A person with an eating disorder may start out just eating smaller or larger amounts of food, but at some point, their urge to eat less or more spirals out of control. Severe distress or concern about body weight…

Read More Read More

Long Term Side Effects of Anorexia, Bulimia and Eating Disorders

Long Term Side Effects of Anorexia, Bulimia and Eating Disorders

Eating disorders are complex mental health disorders that occur in many different forms, including anorexia, bulimia, binge eating disorder and eating disorders not otherwise specified. While each type of eating disorder has its own set of associated symptoms, all types of eating disorders have the potential to cause long-term damage to the body’s organs. Complications from the disorders, as well as co-existing mental health disorders, are wide ranging and sometimes fatal. Appropriate and prompt eating disorder treatments lead patients toward…

Read More Read More

%d bloggers like this: