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Month: December 2017

Diagnosing borderline personality disorder

Diagnosing borderline personality disorder

CMAJ. 2012 Nov 6; 184(16): 1789–1794. doi:  10.1503/cmaj.090618 PMCID: PMC3494330 Robert S. Biskin, MD and Joel Paris, MD Author information ► Copyright and License information ► This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Borderline personality disorder can be a difficult diagnosis because of similarities to other conditions, particularly mood disorders. It is a common presentation in both psychiatric and general practice, with accurately diagnosed cases seen in 10% of psychiatric outpatients, 20% of psychiatric inpatients1,2 and 6%…

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Influence of Antisocial and Psychopathic Traits on Decision-Making Biases in Alcoholics

Influence of Antisocial and Psychopathic Traits on Decision-Making Biases in Alcoholics

  Alcohol Clin Exp Res. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2010 May 1. Published in final edited form as: Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2009 May; 33(5): 817–825. Published online 2009 Mar 6. doi:  10.1111/j.1530-0277.2009.00901.x PMCID: PMC2846168 NIHMSID: NIHMS182234 Robert Miranda, Jr., Ph.D.,1 James MacKillop, Ph.D.,1 Lori A. Meyerson, Ph.D.,2 Alicia Justus, Ph.D.,1 and William R. Lovallo, Ph.D.3 Author information ► Copyright and License information ► The publisher’s final edited version of this article is available at Alcohol Clin Exp Res…

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Obsessive-compulsive (Anankastic) Personality Disorder: A Poorly Researched Landscape with Significant Clinical Relevance

Obsessive-compulsive (Anankastic) Personality Disorder: A Poorly Researched Landscape with Significant Clinical Relevance

Indian J Psychol Med. 2016 Jan-Feb; 38(1): 1–5. doi:  10.4103/0253-7176.175085 PMCID: PMC4782437 M. S. Reddy, M. Starlin Vijay, and Swetha Reddy Author information ► Copyright and License information ► This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. INTRODUCTION The constellation of features similar to the obsessive-compulsive (anankastic) personality disorder (OCPD) was first described by Pierre Janet in 1903 as the “psychasthenic state.” This was later endorsed by Freud in his 1908 work entitled, “Character and Anal Eroticism.”[1] In…

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Dangerous cases: when treatment is not an option

Dangerous cases: when treatment is not an option

  By Reid Meloy and James A. Reavis   Introduction There are those who walk among us that have no conscience. They mouth certain feelings, but have no emotion. They do not bond to any living creatures. Because of their chronic emotional detachment and often sadistic impulse, they aggress without inhibition when their desires are thwarted. Their sole relational goal is to dominate their objects. They are the consummate “intraspecies predators” (Meloy and Meloy, 2002). Although this sounds like fiction,…

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Lack of Object Constancy (BPD)

Lack of Object Constancy (BPD)

  Definition: Lack of Object Constancy – An inability to remember that people or objects are consistent, trustworthy and reliable, especially when they are out of your immediate field of vision. Lacking Faith in Reality Object Constancy is a developmental skill which most children do not develop until two or three years of age. It takes time, and experience of the reliability of the key people in their world, for them to develop a sense that when Mommy leaves the…

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Borderline personality disorder and violence in the UK population: categorical and dimensional trait assessment

Borderline personality disorder and violence in the UK population: categorical and dimensional trait assessment

BMC Psychiatry. 2016; 16: 180. Published online 2016 Jun 3. doi:  10.1186/s12888-016-0885-7 PMCID: PMC4891918 Rafael A. González, Artemis Igoumenou, Constantinos Kallis, and Jeremy W. Coid Author information ► Article notes ► Copyright and License information ► This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterised by difficulties with impulse control and affective dysregulation. It is unclear whether BPD contributes to the perpetration of violence or whether this is explained by comorbidity….

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Borderline Personality Disorder and Antisocial Personality Disorder: A Closer Look

Borderline Personality Disorder and Antisocial Personality Disorder: A Closer Look

by Borderline Personality Disorder Treatment in Related Conditions, Family & Friends, BPD Symptoms Personality disorders are segmented into three different clusters, each with their own set of diagnostic criteria. Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) falls into Cluster B, which is characterized by highly dramatic, overly emotional thoughts and behaviors. Also falling into Cluster B is Antisocial Personality Disorder. Since both disorders have overlapping symptoms, how do you know which of these two personality disorders you or a loved one may have?…

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Oxytocin can hinder trust and cooperation in borderline personality disorder

Oxytocin can hinder trust and cooperation in borderline personality disorder

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2011 Oct; 6(5): 556–563. Published online 2010 Nov 27. doi:  10.1093/scan/nsq085 PMCID: PMC3190211 Jennifer Bartz,1Daphne Simeon,2Holly Hamilton,1Suah Kim,1Sarah Crystal,1Ashley Braun,1Victor Vicens,1 and Eric Hollander3 Author information ►Article notes ►Copyright and License information ► This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract We investigated the effects of intranasal oxytocin (OXT) on trust and cooperation in borderline personality disorder (BPD), a disorder marked by interpersonal instability and difficulties with cooperation. Although studies in healthy adults…

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Mental capacity and borderline personality disorder

Mental capacity and borderline personality disorder

BJPsych Bull. 2017 February; 41(1): 33–36. doi:  10.1192/pb.bp.115.052753 PMCID: PMC5288091 Karyn Ayre,1 Gareth S. Owen,2 and Paul Moran3 Author information ► Article notes ► Copyright and License information ► This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract The use of the Mental Capacity Act 2005 in assessing decision-making capacity in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) is inconsistent. We believe this may stem from persisting confusion regarding the nosological status of personality disorder and also a failure…

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Computational Psychiatry in Borderline Personality Disorder

Computational Psychiatry in Borderline Personality Disorder

  Sarah K Fineberg MD PhD*1, Dylan Stahl1,2, Philip Corlett PhD1 1 Yale University Department of Psychiatry 2 Knox College   Corresponding author Corresponding author: Sarah Kathryn Fineberg Connecticut Mental Health Center Room 518 34 Park Street New Haven Connecticut 06519 Sarah.fineberg@yale.edu   Sources of support: SKF is supported by a NARSAD Young Investigator Grant from the Brain and Behavior Research Foundation and by the Connecticut Mental Health Center. DSS was supported by the Richter Memorial Fund and the NSF…

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